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A D-2-hydroxyglutarate biosensor based on specific transcriptional regulator DhdR

By Dan Xiao, Wen Zhang, Xiaoting Guo, Yidong Liu, Chunxia Hu, Shiting Guo, Zhaoqi Kang, Xianzhi Xu, Cuiqing Ma, Chao Gao, Ping Xu

Posted 18 Feb 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.18.430539

D-2-Hydroxyglutarate (D-2-HG) is a metabolite in many physiological metabolic processes. When D-2-HG is aberrantly accumulated due to mutations in isocitrate dehydrogenases or D-2-HG dehydrogenase, it functions in a pro-oncogenic manner and is thus considered a therapeutic target and biomarker in many cancers. In this study, DhdR from Achromobacter denitrificans NBRC 15125 was identified as an allosteric transcription factor that negatively regulates D-2-HG dehydrogenase expression and responds to presence of D-2-HG. It is the first known transcription regulator specifically responding to D-2-HG across all domains of life. Based on the allosteric effect of DhdR, a D-2-HG biosensor was developed by combining DhdR with amplified luminescent proximity homogeneous assay technology. The biosensor was able to detect D-2-HG in serum, urine, and cell culture with high specificity and sensitivity. Additionally, this biosensor was also successfully used to identify the role of D-2-HG metabolism in lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis of Pseudomonas aeruginosa, demonstrating its broad usages.

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