A tissue-aware machine learning framework enhances the mechanistic understanding and genetic diagnosis of Mendelian and rare diseases
Chanan M. Argov,
Ayellet V. Segre,
Hae Kyung Im,
Posted 17 Feb 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.16.430825
Posted 17 Feb 2021
Genetic studies of Mendelian and rare diseases face the critical challenges of identifying pathogenic gene variants and their modes-of-action. Previous efforts rarely utilized the tissue-selective manifestation of these diseases for their elucidation. Here we introduce an interpretable machine learning (ML) platform that utilizes heterogeneous and large-scale tissue-aware datasets of human genes, and rigorously, concurrently and quantitatively assesses hundreds of candidate mechanisms per disease. The resulting tissue-aware ML platform is applicable in gene-specific, tissue-specific, or patient-specific modes. Application of the platform to selected Mendelian disease genes pinpointed mechanisms that lead to tissue-specific disease manifestation. When applied jointly to diseases that manifest in the same tissue, the models revealed common known and previously underappreciated factors that underlie tissue-selective disease manifestation. Lastly, we harnessed our ML platform toward genetic diagnosis of tissue-selective rare diseases. Patient-specific models of candidate disease-causing genes from 50 patients successfully prioritized the pathogenic gene in 86% of the cases, implying that the tissue-selectivity of rare diseases aids in filtering out unlikely candidate genes. Thus, interpretable tissue-aware ML models can boost mechanistic understanding and genetic diagnosis of tissue-selective heritable diseases. A webserver supporting gene prioritization is available at https://netbio.bgu.ac.il/trace/.
- Downloaded 724 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 65,002
- In genetics: 2,522
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 68,388
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 49,297
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!