Tyrosine 121 moves revealing a druggable pocket that couples catalysis to ATP-binding in serine racemase
Chloe R. Koulouris,
Sian E. Gardiner,
Tessa K. Harris,
Karen T Elvers,
S. Mark Roe,
Jason A. Gillespie,
Simon E. Ward,
Robert A. Nicholls,
John R. Atack,
Benjamin D. Bax
Posted 15 Feb 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.12.430960
Posted 15 Feb 2021
Human serine racemase (hSR) catalyses racemisation of L-serine to D-serine, the latter of which is a co-agonist of the NMDA subtype of glutamate receptors that are important in synaptic plasticity, learning and memory. In a closed hSR structure containing the allosteric activator ATP, the inhibitor malonate is enclosed between the large and small domains while ATP is distal to the active site, residing at the dimer interface with the Tyr121 hydroxyl group contacting the ATP a-phosphate. In contrast, in open hSR structures, Tyr121 sits in the core of the small domain with its hydroxyl contacting the key catalytic residue Ser84. The ability to regulate SR activity by flipping Tyr121 from the core of the small domain to the dimer interface appears to have evolved in animals with a CNS. Multiple X-ray crystallographic enzymefragment structures show that Tyr121 is flipped out of its pocket, suggesting that this pocket is druggable.
- Downloaded 445 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 113,171
- In biophysics: 3,996
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 56,992
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 201,553
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!