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Systems-wide analysis of the GATC-binding nucleoid-associated protein Gbn and its impact on Streptomyces development

By Chao Du, Joost Willemse, Victor J. Carrion, Amanda M. Erkelens, Remus T. Dame, Gilles P. van Wezel

Posted 06 Feb 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.02.06.430045

Bacterial chromosome structure is organized by a diverse group of proteins collectively referred to as nucleoid-associated proteins (NAPs). Many NAPs have been well studied in Streptomyces, including Lsr2, HupA, HupS, and sIHF. Here, we show that SCO1839 represents a novel family of Actinobacteria NAPs and recognizes a consensus sequence consisting of GATC followed by (A/T)T. The protein was designated Gbn for GATC-binding NAP. Deletion of gbn led to alterations in development and antibiotic production in Streptomyces coelicolor. Chromatin immunoprecipitation sequencing (ChIP-Seq) detected more than 2800 binding regions, encompassing some 3600 GATCWT motifs, which comprise 55% of all such motifs in the S. coelicolor genome. DNA binding of Gbn in vitro increased DNA stiffness but not compaction, suggesting a role in regulation rather than chromosome organization. Transcriptomics analysis showed that Gbn binding generally leads to reduced gene expression. The DNA binding profiles were nearly identical between vegetative and aerial growth. Exceptions are SCO1311 and SCOt32, for a tRNA editing enzyme and a tRNA that recognises the rare leucine codon CUA, respectively, which nearly exclusively bound during vegetative growth. Taken together, our data show that Gbn is a highly pleiotropic NAP that impacts growth and development in streptomycetes.

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