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Systemic inflammation recruits fast-acting anti-inflammatory innate myeloid progenitors from BM into lymphatics

By Juana Serrano-Lopez, Shailaja Hegde, Sachin Kumar, Josefina Serrano, Jing Fang, Ashley Wellendorf, Paul Roche, Yamileth Rangel, Leolene J Carrington, Hartmut Geiger, H. L Grimes, Sanjiv Luther, Ivan Maillard, Joaquin Sanchez-Garcia, Daniel Starczynowski, Jose Cancelas

Posted 21 Jan 2021
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.01.20.427403

Innate immune cellular effectors are actively consumed during systemic inflammation but the systemic traffic and the mechanisms that support their replenishment remain unknown. Here we demonstrate that acute systemic inflammation induces the emergent activation of a previously unrecognized system of rapid migration of granulocyte-macrophage progenitors and committed macrophage-dendritic progenitors, but not other progenitors or stem cells, from bone marrow (BM) to lymphatic capillaries. The progenitor traffic to the systemic lymphatic circulation is mediated by Ccl19/Ccr7 and is NF{kappa}B independent, Traf6/I{kappa}B-kinase/SNAP23 activation which is responsible for the secretion of pre-stored Ccl19 by a subpopulation of CD205+/CD172a+ conventional dendritic cells type 2 (cDC2) and upregulation of BM myeloid progenitor Ccr7 signaling. The consequence of this progenitor traffic is anti-inflammatory with promotion of early survival and initiation of replenishment of lymph node cDC.

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