Dimensionality reduction by UMAP reinforces sample heterogeneity analysis in bulk transcriptomic data
Transcriptome profiling and differential gene expression constitute a ubiquitous tool in biomedical research and clinical application. Linear dimensionality reduction methods especially principal component analysis (PCA) are widely used in detecting sample-to-sample heterogeneity in bulk transcriptomic datasets so that appropriate analytic methods can be used to correct batch effects, remove outliers and distinguish subgroups. In response to the challenge in analysing transcriptomic datasets with large sample size such as single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNA-seq), non-linear dimensionality reduction methods were developed. t-distributed stochastic neighbour embedding (t-SNE) and uniform manifold approximation and projection (UMAP) show the advantage of preserving local information among samples and enable effective identification of heterogeneity and efficient organisation of clusters in scRNA-seq analysis. However, the utility of t-SNE and UMAP in bulk transcriptomic analysis has not been carefully examined. Therefore, we compared major dimensionality reduction methods (linear: PCA; nonlinear: multidimensional scaling (MDS), t-SNE, and UMAP) in analysing 71 bulk transcriptomic datasets with large sample sizes. UMAP was found superior in preserving sample level neighbourhood information and maintaining clustering accuracy, thus conspicuously differentiating batch effects, identifying pre-defined biological groups and revealing in-depth clustering structures. We further verified that new clustering structures visualised by UMAP were associated with biological features and clinical meaning. Therefore, we recommend the adoption of UMAP in visualising and analysing of sizable bulk transcriptomic datasets.
- Downloaded 620 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 51,552
- In bioinformatics: 5,212
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 8,993
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 3,278
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!