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Polygenic Risk Scores for Alzheimer's Disease and Mild Cognitive Impairment in Hispanics/Latinos in the U.S: The Study of Latinos - Investigation ofNeurocognitive Aging

By Tamar Sofer, Nuzulul Kurniansyah, Einat Granot-Hershkovitz, Matthew O Goodman, Wassim Tarraf, Iris Broce, Richard B. Lipton, Martha Daviglus, Melissa Lamar, Sylvia Wassertheil-Smoller, Jianwen Cai, Charles S. DeCarli, Hector M. Gonzalez, Myriam Fornage

Posted 09 Jan 2021
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2021.01.08.21249413

IntroductionPolygenic Risk Score (PRS) are powerful summaries of genetic risk alleles that can potentially be used to predict disease outcomes and guide treatment decisions. Hispanics/Latinos suffer from higher rates of Alzheimers Disease (AD) and Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) compared to non-Hispanic Whites, yet the strongest known genetic risk factor for AD, APOE-{epsilon}4 allele, has weak association with AD in Hispanics/Latinos. We evaluated PRS constructed based on Genome-Wide Association Studies (GWAS) of AD in predicting MCI in Hispanics/Latinos when accounting for APOE alleles and variants. MethodsWe used summary statistics from four GWAS of AD to construct PRS that predict MCI in 4,189 diverse Hispanics/Latinos (mean age 63 years, 47% males) from the Study of Latinos-Investigation of Neurocognitive Aging. We assessed the PRS associations with MCI in the combined set of people and in groups defined by genetic ancestry and Hispanic/Latino background, and when including and excluding single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) from the APOE gene region. ResultsA PRS constructed based on GWAS of AD in the FINNGEN Biobank was associated with MCI (OR = 1.34, 95% CI [1.15, 1.55]), and its association was mostly driven by 158 APOE region SNPs. A PRS constructed based on a multi-ethnic AD GWAS was associated with MCI (OR=1.22, 95% CI [1.08, 1.37]) without including any APOE region SNPs. APOE-{epsilon}4 and APOE-{epsilon}2 alleles were not associated with MCI. DiscussionA combination of APOE region SNPs is associated with MCI in Hispanics/Latinos despite APOE-{epsilon}4 and APOE-{epsilon}2 alleles not being associated with MCI.

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