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Deep Learning to Estimate Cardiac Magnetic Resonance-Derived Left Ventricular Mass

By Shaan Khurshid, Samuel Friedman, James P. Pirruccello, Paolo Di Achille, Nathaniel Diamant, Christopher D. Anderson, Patrick T. Ellinor, Puneet Batra, Jennifer E. Ho, Anthony Philippakis, Steven A. Lubitz

Posted 22 Dec 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.18.20248364

BackgroundCardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) is the gold standard for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) diagnosis. CMR-derived LV mass can be estimated using proprietary algorithms (e.g., inlineVF), but their accuracy and availability may be limited. ObjectiveTo develop an open-source deep learning model to estimate CMR-derived LV mass. MethodsWithin participants of the UK Biobank prospective cohort undergoing CMR, we trained two convolutional neural networks to estimate LV mass. The first (ML4Hreg) performed regression informed by manually labeled LV mass (available in 5,065 individuals), while the second (ML4Hseg) performed LV segmentation informed by inlineVF contours. We compared ML4Hreg, ML4Hseg, and inlineVF against manually labeled LV mass within an independent holdout set using Pearson correlation and mean absolute error (MAE). We assessed associations between CMR-derived LVH and prevalent cardiovascular disease using logistic regression adjusted for age and sex. ResultsWe generated CMR-derived LV mass estimates within 38,574 individuals. Among 891 individuals in the holdout set, ML4Hseg reproduced manually labeled LV mass more accurately (r=0.864, 95% CI 0.847-0.880; MAE 10.41g, 95% CI 9.82-10.99) than ML4Hreg (r=0.843, 95% CI 0.823-0.861; MAE 10.51, 95% CI 9.86-11.15, p=0.01) and inlineVF (r=0.795, 95% CI 0.770-0.818; MAE 14.30, 95% CI 13.46-11.01, p<0.01). LVH defined using ML4Hseg demonstrated the strongest associations with hypertension (odds ratio 2.76, 95% CI 2.51-3.04), atrial fibrillation (1.75, 95% CI 1.37-2.20), and heart failure (4.53, 95% CI 3.16-6.33). ConclusionsML4Hseg is an open-source deep learning model providing automated quantification of CMR-derived LV mass. Deep learning models characterizing cardiac structure may facilitate broad cardiovascular discovery.

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