The gap-free rice genomes provide insights for centromere structure and function exploration and graph-based pan-genome construction
Rod A. Wing,
Posted 24 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.24.424073
Posted 24 Dec 2020
Rice (Oryza sativa), a major staple throughout the world and a model system for plant genomics and breeding, was the first crop genome completed almost two decades ago. However, all sequenced genomes to date contain gaps and missing sequences. Here, we report, for the first time, the assembly and analyses of two gap-free reference genome sequences of the elite O. sativa xian/indica rice varieties Zhenshan 97 (ZS97) and Minghui 63 (MH63) that are being used as a model system to study heterosis. Gap-free reference genomes also provide global insights into the structure and function of centromeres. All rice centromeric regions share conserved centromere-specific satellite motifs but with different copy numbers and structures. Importantly, we demonstrate that >1,500 genes are located in centromere regions, of which ~15.6% are actively transcribed. The generation and release of both the ZS97 and MH63 gap-free genomes lays a solid foundation for the comprehensive study of genome structure and function in plants and breed climate resilient varieties for the 21st century.
- Downloaded 1,101 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 21,216
- In genomics: 2,029
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 3,614
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 28,352
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!