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Neoantigen-driven B cell and CD4+ T follicular helper cell collaboration promotes robust anti-tumor CD8+ T cell responses

By Can Cui, Jiawei Wang, Ping-Min Chen, Kelli A Connolly, Martina Damo, Eric Fagerberg, Shuting Chen, Stephanie C. Eisenbarth, Hongyu Zhao, Joseph Craft, Nikhil S Joshi

Posted 24 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.23.424168

CD4+ T follicular helper (TFH) cells provide help to B cells, which is critical for germinal center (GC) formation, but the importance of TFH-B cell interactions in cancer is unclear. We found TFH cells correlated with GC B cells and with prolonged survival of lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) patients. To investigate further, we developed an LUAD model, in which tumor cells expressed B-cell- and T-cell-recognized neoantigens. Interactions between tumor-specific TFH and GC B cells were necessary for tumor control, as were effector CD8+ T cells. The latter were reduced in the absence of T cell-B cell interactions or the IL-21 receptor. IL-21 was produced primarily by TFH cells, development of which required B cells. Moreover, development of tumor-specific TFH cell-responses was also reliant upon tumors that expressed B-cell-recognized neoantigens. Thus, tumor-neoantigens themselves can control the fate decisions of tumor-specific CD4+ T cells by facilitating interactions with tumor-specific B cells. O_FIG O_LINKSMALLFIG WIDTH=200 HEIGHT=115 SRC="FIGDIR/small/424168v1_ufig1.gif" ALT="Figure 1"> View larger version (30K): org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@f31b57org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@881959org.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@1385ccdorg.highwire.dtl.DTLVardef@154ba3b_HPS_FORMAT_FIGEXP M_FIG C_FIG

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