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IOBR: Multi-omics Immuno-Oncology Biological Research to decode tumor microenvironment and signatures

By Dongqiang Zeng, Zilan Ye, Guangchuang Yu, Jiani Wu, Yi Xiong, Rui Zhou, Wenjun Qiu, Na Huang, Li Sun, Jianping Bin, Yulin Liao, Min Shi, Wangjun Liao

Posted 15 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.14.422647

Motivation: Recent advance in next generation sequencing has triggered the rapid accumulation of publicly available multi-omics datasets. The application of integrated omics to exploring robust signatures for clinical translation is increasingly highlighted, attributed to the clinical success of immune checkpoint blockade in diverse malignancies. However, effective tools to comprehensively interpret multi-omics data is still warranted to provide increased granularity into intrinsic mechanism of oncogenesis and immunotherapeutic sensitivity. Results: We developed a computational tool for effective Immuno-Oncology Biological Research (IOBR), providing comprehensive investigation of estimation of reported or user-built signatures, TME deconvolution and signature construction base on multi-omics data. Notably, IOBR offers batch analyses of these signatures and their correlations with clinical phenotypes, lncRNA profiling, genomic characteristics and signatures generated from single-cell RNA sequencing data in different cancer settings. Additionally, IOBR also integrates multiple existing microenvironmental deconvolution methodologies and signature construction tools for convenient comparison and selection. Collectively, IOBR is a user-friendly tool, to leverage multi-omics data to facilitate immuno-oncology exploration and unveiling of tumor-immune interactions and accelerating precision immunotherapy.

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