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Oxidized LDL but not angiotensin II induces the interaction between LOX-1 and AT1 receptors

By Li Lin, Ning Zhou, Le Kang, Qi Wang, Jian Wu, Xiaoyan Wang, Chunjie Yang, Guoping Zhang, Yunqin Chen, Hong Jiang, Ruizhen Chen, Xiangdong Yang, Aijun Sun, Hui Gong, Jun Ren, Hiroshi Akazawa, ISSEI KOMURO, Junbo Ge, Cheng Yang, Yunzeng Zou

Posted 14 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.14.422633

Oxidized low-density lipoprotein (Ox-LDL) can induce cardiac hypertrophy, but the mechanism is still unclear. Here we elucidate the role of angiotensin II (AngII) receptor (AT1-R) in Ox-LDL-induced cardiomycyte hypertrophy. Inhibition of Ox-LDL receptor LOX-1 and AT1-R rather than AngII abolished Ox-LDL-induced hypertrophic responses. Similar results were obtained from the heart of mice lacking endogenous Ang II and their cardiomyocytes. Ox-LDL but not AngII induced binding of LOX-1 to AT1-R, and the inhibition of LOX-1 or AT1-R rather than AngII abolished the association of these two receptors. Ox-LDL-induced ERKs phosphorylation in LOX-1 and AT1-R-overexpression cells and the binding of both receptors were suppressed by the mutants of LOX-1 (Lys266Ala/Lys267Ala) or AT1-R (Glu257Ala), however, the AT1-R mutant lacking Gq protein-coupling ability only abolished the ERKs phosphorylation. The phosphorylation of ERKs induced by Ox-LDL in LOX-1 and AT1-R-overexpression cells was abrogated by Gq protein inhibitor but not by Jak2, Rac1 and RhoA inhibitors. Therefore, the direct interaction between LOX-1 and AT1-R and the downstream Gq protein activation are important mechanisms for Ox-LDL- but not AngII-induced cardiomyocyte hypertrophy

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