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Ppard is Essential in Acceleration of Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma Development by High-Fat Diet in Mutant Kras Mice

By Yi Liu, Yasunori Deguchi, Daoyan Wei, Micheline J Moussalli, Donghui Li, Jennifer K Colby, Fuyao Liu, Huamin Wang, Lovie Ann Valentin, Jing Wang, Xiaofeng Zheng, Baoan Ji, James C Yao, xiangsheng Zuo, Imad Shureiqi

Posted 07 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.04.412320

Pro-obesity high-fat diet is linked with an increased incidence of pancreatic cancers, but the molecular underpinnings of this association remain poorly understood. Here, we report that PPARD is upregulated in pancreatic intraepithelial neoplasia lesions (PanINs) at early stages of pancreatic tumorigenesis in humans and mutant Kras mice. Transgenic overexpression of Ppard in pancreatic epithelial cells drastically accelerates the development and progression of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma in mutant Kras mice when activated by feeding the mice with a high-fat diet or a diet containing GW501516 (50 mg/kg), a selective PPARD agonist. In contrast, pancreatic Ppard genetic deletion significantly suppressed the promotion of pancreatic tumorigenesis by these diets. Mechanistically, we found that this Ppard hyperactivation in pancreatic epithelial cells of mutant Kras mice increased production of chemokines and cytokines (e.g., Ccl2, Ccl4-5, Cxcl5 and Il6), leading to the robustly increased recruitment of myeloid-derived suppressor cells and macrophages into pancreata, which fostered an immune suppressive microenvironment and subsequently accelerated pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma development and progression. Our findings demonstrate that PPARD plays an essential role in the promotion of pancreatic tumorigenesis by a high-fat diet. Targeted inhibition of PPARD activation is a potential interventive strategy for pancreatic cancer prevention and therapy.

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