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Dietary restriction in the long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase knockout mouse

By Eugène Diekman, Michel van Weeghel, Mayte Suárez-Fariñas, Carmen Argmann, Pablo Ranea-Robles, Ronald Wanders, Gepke Visser, Ingeborg van der Made, Esther Creemers, Sander Houten

Posted 03 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.03.408591

Patients with a disorder of mitochondrial long-chain fatty acid {beta}-oxidation (FAO) have reduced fasting tolerance and may present with hypoketotic hypoglycemia, hepatomegaly, (cardio)myopathy and rhabdomyolysis. Patients should avoid a catabolic state because it increases reliance on FAO as energy source. It is currently unclear whether weight loss through a reduction of caloric intake is safe in patients with a FAO disorder. We used the long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase knockout (LCAD KO) mouse model to study the impact of dietary restriction (DR) on the plasma metabolite profile and cardiac function. For this, LCAD KO and wild type (WT) mice were subjected to DR (70% of ad libitum chow intake) for 4 weeks and compared to ad libitum chow fed mice. We found that DR had a relatively small impact on the plasma metabolite profile of WT and LCAD KO mice. Echocardiography revealed a small decrease in left ventricular systolic function of LCAD KO mice, which was most noticeable after DR, but there was no evidence of DR-induced cardiac remodeling. Our results suggest that weight loss through DR does not have acute and detrimental consequences in a mouse model for FAO disorders.

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