Chemical inhibition of ENL/AF9 YEATS domains in acute leukemia
Timothy R Bishop,
Joshua N Asiaban,
Anissa R Ramos,
Christopher J Ackerman,
Eric N Hampton,
Arnab K Chatterjee,
Travis S Young,
Mitchell V. Hull,
K Barry Sharpless,
Benjamin F Cravatt,
Dennis W. Wolan,
Michael A Erb
Posted 02 Dec 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.12.01.406694
Posted 02 Dec 2020
Transcriptional co-regulators, which mediate chromatin-dependent transcriptional signaling, represent tractable targets to modulate tumorigenic gene expression programs with small molecules. Genetic loss-of-function studies have recently implicated the transcriptional co-activator, ENL, as a selective requirement for the survival of acute leukemia and highlighted an essential role for its chromatin reader YEATS domain. Motivated by these discoveries, we executed a screen of nearly 300,000 small molecules and identified an amido-imidazopyridine inhibitor of the ENL YEATS domain (IC50 = 7 M). Leveraging a SuFEx-based high-throughput approach to medicinal chemistry optimization, we discovered SR-0813 (IC50 = 25 nM), a potent and selective ENL/AF9 YEATS domain inhibitor that exclusively inhibits the growth of ENL-dependent leukemia cell lines. Armed with this tool and a first-in-class ENL PROTAC, SR-1114, we detailed the response of AML cells to pharmacological ENL disruption for the first time. Most notably, displacement of ENL from chromatin by SR-0813 elicited a strikingly selective suppression of ENL target genes, including HOXA9/10, MYB, MYC and a number of other leukemia proto-oncogenes. Our study reproduces a number of key observations previously made by CRISPR/Cas9 loss of function and dTAG-mediated degradation, and therefore, both reinforces ENL as an emerging leukemia target and validates SR-0813 as a high-quality chemical probe.
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