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Classification of electrophysiological and morphological types in mouse visual cortex

By Nathan W. Gouwens, Staci A. Sorensen, Jim Berg, Changkyu Lee, Tim Jarsky, Jonathan Ting, Susan M Sunkin, David Feng, Costas Anastassiou, Eliza Barkan, Kris Bickley, Nicole Blesie, Thomas Braun, Krissy Brouner, Agata Budzillo, Shiella Caldejon, Tamara Casper, Dan Casteli, Peter Chong, Kirsten Crichton, Christine Cuhaciyan, Tanya Daigle, Rachel Dalley, Nick Dee, Tsega Desta, Samuel Dingman, Alyse Doperalski, Nadezhda Dotson, Tom Egdorf, Michael Fisher, Rebecca A de Frates, Emma Garren, Marissa Garwood, Amanda Gary, Nathalie Gaudreault, Keith Godfrey, Melissa Gorham, Hong Gu, Caroline Habel, Kristen Hadley, James Harrington, Julie Harris, Alex Henry, DiJon Hill, Sam Josephsen, Sara Kebede, Lisa Kim, Matthew Kroll, Brian Lee, Tracy Lemon, Xiaoxiao Liu, Brian Long, Rusty Mann, Medea McGraw, Stefan Mihalas, Alice Mukora, Gabe J Murphy, Lindsay Ng, Kiet Ngo, Thuc Nghi Nguyen, Philip R Nicovich, Aaron Oldre, Daniel Park, Sheana Parry, Jed Perkins, Lydia Potekhina, David Reid, Miranda Robertson, David Sandman, Martin Schroedter, Cliff Slaughterbeck, Gilberto Soler-Llavina, Josef Sulc, Aaron Szafer, Bosiljka Tasic, Naz Taskin, Corinne Teeter, Nivretta Thatra, Herman Tung, Wayne Wakeman, Grace Williams, Rob Young, Zhi Zhou, Colin Farrell, Hanchuan Peng, Michael J Hawrylycz, Ed Lein, Lydia Ng, Anton Arkhipov, Amy Bernard, John W Phillips, Hongkui Zeng, Christof Koch

Posted 17 Jul 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/368456 (published DOI: 10.1038/s41593-019-0417-0)

Understanding the diversity of cell types in the brain has been an enduring challenge and requires detailed characterization of individual neurons in multiple dimensions. To profile morpho-electric properties of mammalian neurons systematically, we established a single cell characterization pipeline using standardized patch clamp recordings in brain slices and biocytin-based neuronal reconstructions. We built a publicly-accessible online database, the Allen Cell Types Database, to display these data sets. Intrinsic physiological and morphological properties were measured from over 1,800 neurons from the adult laboratory mouse visual cortex. Quantitative features were used to classify neurons into distinct types using unsupervised methods. We establish a taxonomy of morphologically- and electrophysiologically-defined cell types for this region of cortex with 17 e-types and 35 m-types, as well as an initial correspondence with previously-defined transcriptomic cell types using the same transgenic mouse lines.

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