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Understanding the molecular mechanisms underlying frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is essential for the development of successful therapies. Here, we present Phase 1 of a multi-omics, multi-model data resource for FTD research which will allows in-depth molecular research into these mechanisms. We have integrated and analysed data from the frontal lobe of FTD patients with mutations in MAPT, GRN and C9orf72 and detected common and distinct dysregulated cellular pathways. Our results highlight that excitatory neurons are the most vulnerable neuronal cell type and that vascular aberrations are a common hallmark in FTD. Via integration of multi-omics data, we detected several transcription factors and pathways which regulate the strong neuroinflammation observed in FTD-GRN. Finally, using small RNA-seq data and verification experiments in cellular models, we identified several up-regulated miRNAs that inhibit cellular trafficking pathways in FTD and lead to microglial activation. In this work we shed light on novel mechanistic and pathophysiological hallmarks of FTD. In addition, we believe that this comprehensive, multi-omics data resource will further mechanistic FTD research by the community.

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