First demonstration of the FLASH effect with ultrahigh dose-rate high-energy X-rays
Posted 28 Nov 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.11.27.401869
Posted 28 Nov 2020
Ultrahigh dose-rate (FLASH) radiotherapy has attracted immense attention because of its tumor control efficiency and healthy tissue protection during preclinical experiments with electrons, kilo-voltage X-rays, and protons. Using high-energy X-rays (HEXs) in FLASH is advantageous owing to its deep penetration, small divergence, and cost-effectiveness. This is the first report on the implementation of HEXs with FLASH (HEX-FLASH) and its corresponding application in vivo. With a high-current and high-energy superconducting linear accelerator, FLASH with a good dose rate and high penetration was achieved. Breast cancers artificially induced in BAL b/c mice were efficiently controlled, and normal tissues surrounding the thorax/abdomen in C57BL/6 mice were protected from radiation with HEX-FLASH. Theoretical analyses of cellular responses following HEX-FLASH irradiation were performed to interpret the experimental results and design further experiments. Thus, this study highlights the generation of HEX-FLASH for the first time and its potential in future clinical applications.
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