Limited One-time Sampling Irregularity Map (LOTS-IM) for Automatic Unsupervised Assessment of White Matter Hyperintensities and Multiple Sclerosis Lesions in Structural Brain Magnetic Resonance Images
Muhammad Febrian Rachmadi,
Maria del C Valdés-Hernández,
Joanna M Wardlaw,
Posted 31 May 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/334292 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.compmedimag.2019.101685)
Posted 31 May 2018
We present the application of limited one-time sampling irregularity map (LOTS-IM): a fully automatic unsupervised approach to extract brain tissue irregularities in magnetic resonance images (MRI), for quantitatively assessing white matter hyperintensities (WMH) of presumed vascular origin, and multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions and their progression. LOTS-IM generates an irregularity map (IM) that represents all voxels as irregularity values with respect to the ones considered ”normal”. Unlike probability values, IM represents both regular and irregular regions in the brain based on the original MRI’s texture information. We evaluated and compared the use of IM for WMH and MS lesions segmentation on T2-FLAIR MRI with the state-of-the-art unsupervised lesions’ segmentation method, Lesion Growth Algorithm from the public toolbox Lesion Segmentation Toolbox (LST-LGA), with several well established conventional supervised machine learning schemes and with state-of-the-art supervised deep learning methods for WMH segmentation. In our experiments, LOTS-IM outperformed unsupervised method LST-LGA on WMH segmentation, both in performance and processing speed, thanks to the limited one-time sampling scheme and its implementation on GPU. Our method also outperformed supervised conventional machine learning algorithms (i.e., support vector machine (SVM) and random forest (RF)) and deep learning algorithms (i.e., deep Boltzmann machine (DBM) and convolutional encoder network (CEN)), while yielding comparable results to the convolutional neural network schemes that rank top of the algorithms developed up to date for this purpose (i.e., UResNet and UNet). LOTS-IM also performed well on MS lesions segmentation, performing similar to LST-LGA. On the other hand, the high sensitivity of IM on depicting signal change deems suitable for assessing MS progression, although care must be taken with signal changes not reflective of a true pathology.
- Downloaded 710 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 38,509
- In neuroscience: 5,287
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 58,847
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 94,403
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!