Directional coupling of slow and fast hippocampal gamma with neocortical alpha/beta oscillations in human episodic memory
Benjamin J Griffiths,
Mircea van der Plas,
Luca Dominik Kolibius,
David T. Rollings,
Posted 21 Apr 2018
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/305698 (published DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1914180116)
Posted 21 Apr 2018
Episodic memories hinge upon our ability to process a wide range of multisensory information and bind this information into a coherent, memorable representation. On a neural level, these two processes are thought to be supported by neocortical alpha/beta desynchronisation and hippocampal theta/gamma synchronisation, respectively. Intuitively, these two processes should couple to successfully create and retrieve episodic memories, yet this hypothesis has not been tested empirically. We address this by analysing human intracranial EEG data recorded during two associative memory tasks. We find that neocortical alpha/beta (8-20Hz) power decreases reliably precede and predict hippocampal “fast” gamma (60-80Hz) power increases during episodic memory formation; during episodic memory retrieval however, hippocampal “slow” gamma (40-50Hz) power increases reliably precede and predict later neocortical alpha/beta power decreases. We speculate that this coupling reflects the flow of information from neocortex to hippocampus during memory formation, and hippocampal pattern completion inducing information reinstatement in the neocortex during memory retrieval. Significance Statement Episodic memories detail our personally-experienced past. The formation and retrieval of these memories has long been thought to be supported by a division of labour between the neocortex and the hippocampus, where the former processes event-related information and the latter binds this information together. However, it remains unclear how the two regions interact. We uncover directional coupling between these regions, with power decreases in the neocortex that precede and predict power increases in the hippocampus during memory formation. Fascinatingly, this process reverses during memory retrieval, with hippocampal power increases preceding and predicting neocortical power decreases. These results suggest a bidirectional flow of information between the neocortex and hippocampus is fundamental to the formation and retrieval of episodic memories.
- Downloaded 923 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 29,851
- In neuroscience: 3,820
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 109,359
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 133,325
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!