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Prevalence of Mild Cognitive Impairment in the Lothian Birth Cohort 1936

By Miles Welstead, Michelle Luciano, Graciela Muniz-Terrera, Adele M. Taylor, Tom C Russ

Posted 12 Oct 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.10.08.20209130

BackgroundThe Lothian Birth Cohort 1936 (LBC1936) is a highly-phenotyped longitudinal study of cognitive and brain ageing. Given its substantial clinical importance, we derived an indicator of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) as well as amnestic and non-amnestic subtypes at three time points. MethodsMCI status was derived at three waves of the LBC1936 at ages 76 (n=567), 79 (n=441), and 82 years (n=341). A general MCI category was derived as well as amnestic MCI (aMCI) and non-amnestic MCI (naMCI). A comparison was made between MCI derivations using normative data from the LBC1936 cohort versus the general UK population. ResultsMCI rates showed a proportional increase at each wave between 76 and 82 years from 15% to 18%. Rates of MCI subtypes also showed a proportional increase over time: aMCI 4% to 6%; naMCI 12% to 16%. Higher rates of MCI were found when using the LBC1936 normative data to derive MCI classification rather than UK-wide norms. ConclusionsWe found that MCI and aMCI rates in the LBC1936 were consistent with previous research. However, naMCI rates were higher than expected. Future LBC1936 research should assess the predictive factors associated with MCI prevalence to validate previous findings and identify novel risk factors.

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