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Objective: The clinical phenotype of the rare behavioral variant of Alzheimer's disease (bvAD) is insufficiently understood. Given the strong clinico-anatomical correlations of tau pathology in AD, we investigated the distribution of tau deposits in bvAD, in-vivo and ex-vivo, using PET and postmortem examination. Methods: For the tau PET study, seven amyloid-{beta} positive bvAD patients underwent [18F]flortaucipir or [18F]RO948 PET. We converted tau PET uptake values into standardized (W-)scores, by adjusting for age, sex and MMSE in a "typical" memory-predominant AD (n=205) group. W-scores were computed within entorhinal, temporoparietal, medial and lateral prefrontal, insular and whole-brain regions-of-interest, frontal-to-entorhinal and frontal-to-parietal ratios and within intrinsic functional connectivity network templates. For the postmortem study, the percentage of AT8 (tau)-positive area in hippocampus CA1, temporal, parietal, frontal and insular cortices were compared between autopsy-confirmed bvAD (n=8) and typical AD (n=7) patients. Results: Regional W-scores [&ge;]1.96 (corresponding to p<0.05) were observed in three cases, i.e. case #5: medial prefrontal cortex (W=2.13) and anterior default mode network (W=3.79), case #2: lateral prefrontal cortex (W=2.79) and salience network (W=2.77), and case #7: frontal-to-entorhinal ratio (W=2.04). The remaining four cases fell within the normal distributions of the typical AD group. Postmortem AT8 staining indicated no regional differences in phosphorylated tau levels between bvAD and typical AD (all p>0.05). Conclusion: Both in-vivo and ex-vivo, bvAD patients showed heterogeneous patterns of tau pathology. Since key regions involved in behavioral regulation were not consistently disproportionally affected by tau pathology, other factors are more likely driving the clinical phenotype in bvAD.

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