Disease progression models are important computational tools in healthcare and are used for tasks such as improving disease understanding, informing drug discovery, and aiding in patient management. Although many algorithms for time series modeling exist, healthcare applications face particular challenges such as small datasets, medication effects, disease heterogeneity, and a desire for personalized predictions. In this work, we present a disease progression model that addresses these needs by proposing a probabilistic time-series model that captures individualized disease states, personalized medication effects, disease-state medication effects, or any combination thereof. The model builds on the framework of an input-output hidden Markov model where the parameters are learned using a structured variational approximation. To demonstrate the utility of the algorithm, we apply it to both synthetic and real-world datasets. In the synthetic case, we demonstrate the benefits afforded by the proposed model as compared to standard techniques. In the real-world cases, we use two Parkinson's disease datasets to show improved predictive performance when ground truth is available and clinically relevant insights that are not revealed via classic Markov models when ground truth is not available.
- Downloaded 613 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 59,107
- In health informatics: 247
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 46,532
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 23,818
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!