Extensive phylogenies of human development reveal variable embryonic patterns
Philip S Robinson,
Thomas J Mitchell,
Posted 26 Nov 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.11.25.397828
Posted 26 Nov 2020
Starting from the zygote, all cells in the developing and adult human body continuously acquire mutations. A mutation shared between two different cells implies a shared progenitor cell and can thus be used as a naturally occurring marker for lineage tracing. Here, we reconstruct extensive phylogenies of normal tissues from three adult individuals using whole-genome sequencing of 511 laser capture microdissected samples from multiple organs. Early embryonic progenitor cells inferred from the phylogenies often contribute in different proportions to the adult body and the extent of this asymmetry is variable between individuals, with ratios between the first two reconstructed cells ranging from 56:44 to 92:8. Asymmetries also pervade subsequent cell generations and can differ between tissues in the same individual. The phylogenies also resolve the spatial embryonic origins and patterning of tissues, revealing a spatial effect in the development of the human brain. Supplemented by data on eleven men, we timed the split between soma and germline, with the earliest observed segregation occurring at the first cell divisions. This research demonstrates that, despite reaching the same ultimate tissue patterns, early bottlenecks and lineage commitments lead to substantial variation in embryonic patterns both within and between individuals.
- Downloaded 854 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 30,135
- In genomics: 2,672
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 17,375
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 15,403
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!