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The High-resolution Timeline of Expression of Ribosomal Protein Genes in Yeast

By Xueling Li, Gang Chen, Bernard Fongang, Dirar Homouz, Maga Rowicka, Andrzej Kudlicki

Posted 31 Jul 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/170399

The yeast ribosome is a complex molecular machine built from four rRNAs and over 70 r-proteins. Ribosome biogenesis involves ordered incorporation of ribosomal proteins, accompanied by and association and dissociation of other proteins specific to different stages of the process. By model-based analysis of temporal profiles of gene expression in a metabolically regulated system, we obtained an accurate, high-resolution estimation of the time of expression of genes coding for proteins involved in ribosome biogenesis. The ribosomal proteins are expressed in a sequence that spans approximately 25-minutes under metabolically regulated conditions. The genes coding for proteins incorporated into the mature ribosome are expressed significantly later than those that are not incorporated, but are otherwise involved in ribosome biogenesis, localization and assembly, rRNA processing and translational initiation. The relative expression time of proteins localized within specified neighborhood is significantly correlated with the distance to the centroid of the mature ribosome: protein localized closer to the center of mass of the entire complex tend to be expressed earlier than the protein localized further from the center. The timeline of gene expression also agrees with the known dependencies between recruitment of specific proteins into the mature ribosome. These findings are consistent in two independent experiments. We have further identified regulatory elements correlated with the time of regulation, including a possible dependence of expression time on the position of the RAP1 binding site within the 5'UTR.

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