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Base-resolution mapping reveals distinct m1A methylome in nuclear- and mitochondrial-encoded transcripts

By Xiaoyu Li, Xushen Xiong, Meiling Zhang, Kun Wang, Ying Chen, Jun Zhou, Yuanhui Mao, Jia Lv, Danyang Yi, Xiao-Wei Chen, Chu Wang, Shu-Bing Qian, Chengqi Yi

Posted 13 Oct 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/202747 (published DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2017.10.019)

Gene expression can be post-transcriptionally regulated via dynamic and reversible RNA modifications. N1-methyladenosine (m1A) is a recently identified mRNA modification; however, little is known about its precise location, regulation and function. Here, we develop a base-resolution m1A profiling method, based on m1A-induced misincorporation during reverse transcription, and report distinct classes of m1A methylome in the human transcriptome. m1A in 5'-UTR, particularly those at the first nucleotide of mRNA, associate with increased translation efficiency. A different subset of m1A exhibit a GUUCRA tRNA-like motif, are evenly distributed in the transcriptome and are dependent on the methyltransferase TRMT6/61A. Additionally, we show for the first time that m1A is prevalent in the mitochondrial-encoded transcripts. Manipulation of m1A level via TRMT61B, a mitochondria-localizing m1A methyltransferase, demonstrates that m1A in mitochondrial mRNA interferes with translation. Collectively, our approaches reveal distinct classes of m1A methylome and provide a resource for functional studies of m1A-mediated epitranscriptomic regulation.

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