Rxivist combines preprints from bioRxiv with data from Twitter to help you find the papers being discussed in your field. Currently indexing 59,633 bioRxiv papers from 265,294 authors.
The effect of macromolecular crowding on single-round transcription by E. coli RNA polymerase
Logan Wilson Grimaud,
Irina X. Zhang,
Charles M. Knobler,
William M. Gelbart,
Posted 12 Nov 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/218321
Posted 12 Nov 2017
Biological reactions in the cellular environment differ physicochemically from those performed in dilute buffer solutions due to, in part, slower diffusion of various components in the cellular milieu, increase in their chemical activities, and modulation of their binding affinities and conformational stabilities. In vivo transcription is therefore expected to be strongly influenced by the 'crowdedness' of the cell. Previous studies of transcription under macromolecular crowding conditions have focused mainly on multiple cycles of RNAP-Promoter associations, assuming that the association is the rate-determining step of the entire transcription process. However, recent reports demonstrated that late initiation and promoter escape could be the rate-determining steps for some promoter DNA sequences. The investigation of crowding effects on these steps under single-round conditions is therefore crucial for better understanding of transcription initiation in vivo. Here, we have implemented an in vitro transcription quenched-kinetics single-molecule assay to investigate the dependence of transcription reaction rates on the sizes and concentrations of crowders. Our results demonstrate an expected slowdown of transcription kinetics due to increased viscosity, and an unexpected enhancement in transcription kinetics by large crowding agents (at a given viscosity). More importantly, the enhancement's dependence on crowder size significantly deviates from hard-sphere model (scaled-particle theory) predictions, commonly used for description of crowding effects. Our findings shed new light on how enzymatic reactions are affected by crowding conditions in the cellular milieu.
- Downloaded 431 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 21,650 out of 59,633
- In biochemistry: 488 out of 1,730
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 47,471 out of 59,633
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 50,825 out of 59,633
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- Top preprints of 2018
- Paper search
- Author leaderboards
- Overall metrics
- The API
- Email newsletter
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!