The MarR Family Regulator BmrR is involved in Bile Tolerance of Bifidobacterium longum BBMN68 via Controlling the Expression of an ABC-Transporter
In order to colonize the human gastrointestinal tract and exert their beneficial effects, bifidobacteria must effectively cope with the toxic bile salts in the intestine, but the molecular mechanism underlying bile tolerance is poorly understood. In this study, heterologous expression of a MarR family transcriptional regulator BmrR significantly reduced ox-bile resistance of Lactococcus lactis NZ9000, suggesting that it might play a role in bile stress response. In silico analysis combined with RT-PCR assay demonstrated that bmrR was co-transcribed with bmrA and bmrB, which encoded multidrug resistance (MDR) ABC transporters. Promoter prediction and EMSA assay revealed that BmrR could autoregulate the bmrRAB operon by binding to bmr box (ATTGTTG-6nt-CAACAAT) in the promoter region. Moreover, heterologous expression of bmrA and bmrB in L. lactis showed 20.77-fold higher tolerance to 0.10% ox-bile compared to wild type strain. In addition, ox-bile could disrupt the DNA binding activity of BmrR as a ligand. Taken together, our findings indicate that bmrRAB operon is autoregulated by transcriptional regulator BmrR and ox-bile serves as an inducer to activate the bile efflux transporter BmrAB in response to bile stress in B. longum BBMN68.
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