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Blood glucose levels in elderly subjects with type 2 diabetes during COVID-19 outbreak: a retrospective study in a single center

By Ting Xue, Qianwen Li, Qiongyao Zhang, Wei Lin, Junping Wen, Li Li, Gang Chen

Posted 02 Apr 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.31.20048579

AimsIdeal glycemic control is of great importance for diabetic patients during public health emergencies of infectious diseases as long-term hyperglycemic are not only associated with chronic complications but also vital drivers of common and life-threatening infections. The present study was designed to investigate the changes of blood glucose levels in elderly subjects with type 2 diabetes(T2D) during COVID-19 outbreak. MethodsThis retrospective study focused on the T2D outpatients at Fujian Provincial Hospital aged 65 years old and above who received baseline test for fasting plasma glucose and/or glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) between January 1, 2019 and March 8, 2019 and were followed up on fasting plasma glucose and/or HbA1c in the same period in 2020. The baseline and follow-up data were analyzed with the paired-samples T-test. ResultsA total of 135 elderly subjects with T2D with baseline and follow-up fasting plasma glucose and 50 elderly subjects with T2D with baseline and follow-up HbA1c were analyzed, respectively. The baseline and follow-up fasting plasma glucose were 7.08 {+/-} 1.80 and 7.48{+/-}2.14 mmol/L, respectively (P=0.008). The baseline and follow-up HbA1c were 7.2{+/-}1.7% and 7.4{+/-}1.8%, respectively (P=0.158). ConclusionsElderly subjects with T2D had higher fasting plasma glucose levels during COVID-19 outbreak. We should pay more attension to the management of diabetics during public health emergencies.

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