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Effect of continuous renal replacement therapy on all-cause mortality in COVID-19 patients undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation: a retrospective cohort study

By Yi Yang, Jia Shi, Shuwang Ge, Shuiming Guo, Xue Xing, Yanan Wang, Anying Cheng, Qingquan Liu, Junhua Li, Yong Ning, Fan He, Gang Xu

Posted 20 Mar 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.03.16.20036780

BackgroundSince December 2019, when coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) emerged in Wuhan and rapidly spread throughout the world, critically ill patients have a high mortality rate. We aimed to assess the effect of continuous renal replacement therapy (CRRT) on all-cause mortality in patients with COVID-19 undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation. MethodsIn this retrospective cohort study, we included all patients with COVID-19 undergoing invasive mechanical ventilation at Optical Valley Branch of Tongji Hospital Affiliated with Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan from February 12th to March 2nd, 2020. Demographic, clinical, laboratory, and treatment data were collected and analyzed. All patients were followed until death or end of follow up (March 9th), and all survivors were followed for at least one week. FindingsOf 36 hospitalized COVID-19 patients with invasive mechanical ventilation, the mean age was 69.4 ({+/-}1.8) years and 30 (83.3%) were men. 22 (61.1%) patients received CRRT (CRRT group) and 14 cases (38.9%) were managed in conventional strategy (non-CRRT group). There was no difference in age, sex, comorbidities, complications, treatments and most of the laboratory findings, except for patients in the CRRT group with higher levels of aspartate aminotransferase and serum creatinine. During the average follow-up period of 10.4 days, 12 of 22 (54.5%) patients in CRRT group and 11 of 14 (78.6%) patients in non-CRRT group died. Kaplan-Meier analysis demonstrated a prolonged survival in patients in CRRT group than non-CRRT group (P=0.032). The association between CRRT treatment and a reduced risk of mortality remained significant after adjusting for confounding factors in seven different models, with an adjusted hazard ratio (aHR) varying between 0.283 and 0.424. Older age, higher levels of IL-1{beta}, IL-2 receptor, hs-cTnI and NT-proBNP were independently associated with increased risk of mortality in patients with CRRT treatment. InterpretationCRRT may be beneficial for the treatment of COVID-19 patients with invasive mechanical ventilation. Further prospective multicenter studies with larger sample sizes are required. FundingNational Natural Science Foundation of China; Science Foundation of Hubei Province of China

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