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Dynamics of ORF1ab and N Gene among hospitalized COVID-19 positive cohorts: A hospital based retrospective study

By Pojul Loying, Vaishali Sarma, Suranjana C. Hazarika, Monjuri Kataki, Dina Raja, Divyashree Medhi, Ridip Dutta, Achu Chena, Divya Daimary, Aakangkhita Choudhury, Lahari Saikia

Posted 23 Nov 2020
medRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.11.22.20236240

1.ObjectiveThe present study hospital based retrospective study aimed at investigating the dynamics of ORF1ab and N gene from hospitalized COVID-19 positive cohorts considering the Ct values of both genes. Study design and MethodologyRetrospective analyses of Ct values were done from 115 hospitalized COVID-19 positive patients in different time interval. Patients were admitted to the hospital either by RAT or/and RT-PCR and first RT-PCR testing were made after 9 days of incubation followed by testing in every 3 days of interval till negative, subsequently release of the patients. ResultsWe have looked into the dynamics of ORF1ab and N gene and found that N gene require longer duration of days with 12.68 (S.D.{+/-}3.24) to become negative than ORF1ab with 12.09 (S.D.{+/-}2.88) days and it differs significantly (p=0.012; p<0.05). The persistent of N gene found in 46 patients out of 115 (39.65%) to the succeeding reading after 3 days. We have also looked into the mean differences in the between N and ORF1ab genes every readings separately and found that there were no significant differences between the mean Ct value of ORF1ab and N gene except in the day 3 (p=0.015; p<0.05). Further, we have looked into the relationship of age and gender of patients with the duration of positivity; however we did not find any significant role. ConclusionIn COVID-19 hospital positive cohorts, the persistent of positivity of N gene is significantly for more duration than ORF1ab. As the SARS-CoV-2 is a new virus and study on it is evolving, so, exhaustive study is required on the dynamic of N gene positivity persistent in relation to the other pathophysiological parameters for the management and control of COVID-19.

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