The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is a contiguous and complicated membrane network in eukaryotic cells, and membrane contact sites (MCSs) between the ER and other organelles perform vital cellular functions, including lipid homeostasis, metabolite exchange, calcium level regulation, and organelle division. Here, we establish a whole pipeline to reconstruct all ER, mitochondria, lipid droplets, lysosomes, peroxisomes, and nuclei by automated tape-collecting ultramicrotome scanning electron microscopy (ATUM-SEM) and deep-learning techniques, which generates an unprecedented 3D model for mapping liver samples. Furthermore, the morphology of various organelles is systematically analyzed. We found that the ER presents with predominantly flat cisternae and is knitted tightly all throughout the intracellular space and around other organelles. In addition, the ER has a smaller volume-to-membrane surface area ratio than other organelles, which suggests that the ER could be more suited for functions that require a large membrane surface area. Moreover, the MCSs between the ER and other organelles are explored. Our data indicate that ER-mitochondrial contacts are particularly abundant, especially for branched mitochondria. In addition, ER contacts with lipid droplets, lysosomes, and peroxisomes are also plentiful. In summary, we design an efficient method for obtaining a 3D reconstruction of biological structures at a nanometer resolution. Our study also provides the first 3D reconstruction of various organelles in liver samples together with important information fundamental for biochemical and functional studies in the liver.
- Downloaded 275 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 96,675
- In cell biology: 4,473
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 31,999
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 39,461
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!