A dominant-negative SOX18 mutant disrupts multiple regulatory layers essential to transcription factor activity.
Alex Jade McCann,
Frederic A Meunier,
Posted 12 Nov 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.11.11.378968
Posted 12 Nov 2020
Few genetically dominant mutations involved in human disease have been fully explained at the molecular level. In cases where the mutant gene encodes a transcription factor, the dominant-negative mode of action of the mutant protein is particularly poorly understood. Here, we studied the genome-wide mechanism underlying a dominant-negative form of the SOX18 transcription factor (SOX18RaOp) responsible for both the classical mouse mutant Ragged opossum and the human genetic disorder Hypotrichosis-Lymphedema-Telangiectasia-Renal Syndrome. Combing three single-molecule imaging assays in living cells, we found that SOX18RaOp disrupts the system through an accumulation of molecular interferences which impair several functional properties of the wild-type SOX18 protein, including its chromatin-binding dynamics. The dominant-negative effect is further amplified by recruiting the interactome of its wild-type counterpart, which perturbs regulatory nodes such as SOX7 and MEF2C. Our findings explain in unprecedented detail the multi-layered process that underpins the molecular etiology of dominant-negative transcription factor function. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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