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Transport of Alzheimer's Associated Amyloid-β Catalyzed by P-glycoprotein

By James W McCormick, Lauren Ammerman, Gang Chen, Pia D Vogel, John G Wise

Posted 22 Oct 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.10.22.350777

P-glycoprotein (P-gp) is a critical membrane transporter in the blood brain barrier (BBB) and is implicated in Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, previous studies on the ability of P-gp to directly transport the Alzheimer's associated amyloid-β (Aβ) protein have produced contradictory results. Here we use molecular dynamics (MD) simulations, transport substrate accumulation studies in cell culture, and biochemical activity assays to show that P-gp actively transports Aβ. We observed transport of Aβ40 and Aβ42 monomers by P-gp in explicit MD simulations of a putative catalytic cycle. In in vitro assays with P-gp overexpressing cells, we observed enhanced accumulation of fluorescently labeled Aβ42 in the presence of Tariquidar, a potent P-gp inhibitor. We also showed that Aβ42 stimulated the ATP hydrolysis activity of isolated P-gp in nanodiscs. Our findings expand the substrate profile of P-gp, and suggest that P-gp may contribute to the onset and progression of AD. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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