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Limb-clasping, cognitive deficit and increased vulnerability to kainic acid -induced seizures in neuronal GPI anchor deficiency mouse models

By Lenin C Kandasamy, Mina Tsukamoto, Vitaliy Banov, Sambuu Tsetsegee, Yutaro Nagasawa, Mitsuhiro Kato, Naomichi Matusmoto, Junji Takeda, Shigeyoshi Itohara, Sonoko Ogawa, Larry J. Young, Qi Zhang

Posted 21 Oct 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.10.21.348334

Post-translational modification of a protein with glycosylphosphatidylinositol (GPI) is a conserved mechanism exists in all eukaryotes. Thus far, more than 150 human GPI anchored proteins have been discovered and about 30 enzymes have been reported to be involved in the biosynthesis and maturation of mammalian GPI. Phosphatidylinositol glycan biosynthesis class A protein (PIGA) catalyzes the very first step of GPI anchor biosynthesis. Patients carrying a mutation of the PIGA gene usually suffer from intractable epilepsy and intellectual developmental disorder. We generated three mouse models with PIGA deficits specifically in telencephalon excitatory neurons (Ex-M-cko), inhibitory neurons (In-M-cko), or thalamic neurons (Th-H-cko), respectively. Both Ex-M-cko and In-M-cko mice showed impaired long-term fear memory and were more susceptible to kainic acid (KA)-induced seizures. In addition, In-M-cko demonstrated a severe limb-clasping phenotype. Hippocampal synapse changes were observed in Ex-M-cko mice. Our Piga conditional knockout mouse models provide powerful tools to understand the cell-type specific mechanisms underlying inherited GPI deficiency and to test different therapeutic modalities. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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