Mitochondrial outer membrane permeabilization, which is a critical step in apoptosis, is initiated upon transmembrane insertion of the C-terminal α-helix (α9) of the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 family protein BAX. The isolated α9 fragment (residues 173-192) is also competent to disrupt model membranes, and the structures of its membrane-associated oligomers are of interest in understanding the potential roles of this sequence in apoptosis. Here, we used ultrafast two-dimensional infrared (2D IR) spectroscopy, thioflavin T binding, and transmission electron microscopy to show that the synthetic BAX α9 peptide (α9p) forms amyloid aggregates in solution and on the surfaces of anionic small unilamellar vesicles (SUVs). Its inherent amyloidogenicity was predicted by sequence analysis, and 2D IR spectra reveal that SUVs modulate the β-sheet structures of the resulting amyloid species. These results contradict prior models of transmembrane α9p pores and motivate further examination of the formation or suppression of BAX amyloids in apoptosis. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
- Downloaded 125 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 116,839
- In biochemistry: 3,529
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 59,020
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 56,629
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 27 Nov 2020: The website and API now include results pulled from medRxiv as well as bioRxiv.
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!