An improved comprehensive strategy for deep and quantitative N-glycomics based on optimization of sample preparation, isotope-based data quality control and quantification, new N-glycan libraries and new algorithms
Marceline Manka Fuh,
Nicolle H. Packer,
Posted 15 Oct 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.10.15.340638
Posted 15 Oct 2020
Global in-depth analysis of N-glycosylation, as the most complex post-translational modification of proteins, is requiring methods being as sensitive, selective and reliable as possible. Here, an enhanced strategy for N-glycomics is presented comprising optimized sample preparation yielding enhanced glycoprotein recovery and permethylation efficiency, isotopic labelling for data quality control and relative quantification, integration of new N-glycan libraries (human and mouse), newly developed R-scripts matching experimental MS1 data to theoretical N-glycan compositions and bundled sequencing algorithms for MS2-based structural identification to ultimately enhance the coverage and accuracy of N-glycans. With this strategy the numbers of identified N-glycans are more than doubled compared with previous studies, exemplified by etanercept (more than 3-fold) and chicken ovalbumin (more than 2-fold) at nanogram level. The power of this strategy and applicability to biological samples is further demonstrated by comparative N-glycomics of human acute promyelocytic leukemia cells before and after treatment with all-trans retinoic acid, showing that N-glycan biosynthesis is slowed down and 57 species are significantly altered in response to the treatment. This improved analytical platform enables deep and accurate N-glycomics for glycobiological research and biomarker discovery. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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