Human extended pluripotent stem cells (EPSCs), with bidirectional chimeric ability to contribute to both embryonic and extra-embryonic lineages, can be obtained and maintained by converting embryonic stem cells (ESCs) using chemicals. However, the transition system is based on inactivated mouse fibroblast, which greatly hinders the mechanistic studies of extended pluripotency and further applications. Here we reported a Matrigel-based feeder-free method to convert human ESCs and iPSCs into EPSCs and demonstrated the extended pluripotency in terms of molecular features, chimeric ability, and transcriptome. We further improved the protocol by applying chemicals targeting glycolysis and histone methyltransferase. Altogether, our data established a feeder-free system to generate human EPSCs and provided additional insights into the acquisition of extended pluripotency. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.
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