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BonA from Acinetobacter baumannii forms a divisome-localized decamer that supports outer envelope function

By Rhys Grinter, Faye C. Morris, Rhys A. Dunstan, Pok Man Leung, Matthew Belousoff, Sachith D. Gunasinghe, Simone Beckham, Anton Y. Peleg, Chris Greening, Jian Li, Eva Heinz, Trevor Lithgow

Posted 02 Sep 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.09.01.278697

Acinetobacter baumannii is a high-risk pathogen due to the rapid global spread of multi-drug resistant lineages. Its phylogenetic divergence from other ESKAPE pathogens means that determinants of its antimicrobial resistance can be difficult to extrapolate from other widely studied bacteria. A recent study showed that A. baumannii upregulates production of an outer-membrane lipoprotein, which we designate BonA, in response to challenge with polymyxins. Here we show that BonA has limited sequence similarity and distinct structural features compared to lipoproteins from other bacterial species. Analyses through X-ray crystallography, small-angle X-ray scattering, electron microscopy, and multiangle light scattering demonstrate that BonA has a dual BON-domain architecture and forms a decamer via an unusual oligomerization mechanism. This analysis also indicates this decamer is transient, suggesting dynamic oligomerization plays a role in BonA function. Antisera recognizing BonA shows it is an outer membrane protein localized to the divisome. Loss of BonA modulates the density of the outer membrane, consistent with a change in its structure or link to the peptidoglycan, and prevents motility in a clinical strain (ATCC 17978). Consistent with these findings, the dimensions of the BonA decamer are sufficient to permeate the peptidoglycan layer, with the potential to form a membrane-spanning complex during cell division. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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