A framework to identify modifier genes in patients with Phelan-McDermid syndrome
Cédric Le Caignec,
Posted 18 Mar 2017
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/117978
Posted 18 Mar 2017
Phelan-McDermid syndrome (PMS) is characterized by a variety of clinical symptoms with heterogeneous degrees of severity, including intellectual disability, speech impairment, and autism spectrum disorders (ASD). It results from a deletion of the 22q13 locus that in most cases includes the SHANK3 gene. SHANK3 is considered a major gene for PMS, but the factors modulating the severity of the syndrome remain largely unknown. In this study, we investigated 85 PMS patients with different 22q13 rearrangements (78 deletions, 7 duplications). We first explored their clinical features and provide evidence for frequent corpus callosum abnormalities. We then mapped candidate genomic regions at the 22q13 locus associated with risk of clinical features, and suggest a second locus associated with absence of speech. Finally, in some cases, we identified additional rearrangements at loci associated with ASD, potentially modulating the severity of the syndrome. We also report the first SHANK3 deletion transmitted to five affected daughters by a mother without intellectual disability nor ASD, suggesting that some individuals could compensate for such mutations. In summary, we shed light on the genotype-phenotype relationship of PMS, a step towards the identification of compensatory mechanisms for a better prognosis and possibly treatments of patients with neurodevelopmental disorders.
- Downloaded 832 times
- Download rankings, all-time:
- Site-wide: 15,088 out of 88,402
- In genetics: 970 out of 4,590
- Year to date:
- Site-wide: 59,406 out of 88,402
- Since beginning of last month:
- Site-wide: 66,580 out of 88,402
Downloads over time
Distribution of downloads per paper, site-wide
- 18 Dec 2019: We're pleased to announce PanLingua, a new tool that enables you to search for machine-translated bioRxiv preprints using more than 100 different languages.
- 21 May 2019: PLOS Biology has published a community page about Rxivist.org and its design.
- 10 May 2019: The paper analyzing the Rxivist dataset has been published at eLife.
- 1 Mar 2019: We now have summary statistics about bioRxiv downloads and submissions.
- 8 Feb 2019: Data from Altmetric is now available on the Rxivist details page for every preprint. Look for the "donut" under the download metrics.
- 30 Jan 2019: preLights has featured the Rxivist preprint and written about our findings.
- 22 Jan 2019: Nature just published an article about Rxivist and our data.
- 13 Jan 2019: The Rxivist preprint is live!