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Single-cell RNA-seq reveals early heterogeneity during ageing in yeast

By Yi Zhang, Jincheng Wang, Yuchen Sang, Shengxian Jin, Xuezheng Wang, Gajendra Kumar Azad, Mark A McCormick, Brian K Kennedy, Qing Li, Jianbin Wang, Xiannian Zhang, Yanyi Huang

Posted 04 Sep 2020
bioRxiv DOI: 10.1101/2020.09.04.282525

The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has relatively short lifespan and is genetically tractable, making it a widely used model organism in ageing research. Here, we carried out a systematic and quantitative investigation of yeast ageing with single-cell resolution through transcriptomic sequencing. We optimized a single-cell RNA sequencing (scRNA-seq) protocol to quantitatively study the whole transcriptome profiles of single yeast cells at different ages, finding increased cell-to-cell transcriptional variability during ageing. The single-cell transcriptome analysis also highlighted key biological processes or cellular components, including oxidation-reduction process, oxidative stress response (OSR), translation, ribosome biogenesis and mitochondrion that underlie ageing in yeast. Remarkably, we uncovered a molecular marker, FIT3 , that was linked to mitochondrial DNA loss and indicated the early heterogeneity during ageing in yeast. We also analyzed the regulation of transcription factors and further characterized the distinctive temporal regulation of the OSR by YAP1 and proteasome activity by RPN4 during ageing in yeast. Overall, our data profoundly reveal early heterogeneity during ageing in yeast and shed light on the ageing dynamics at the single cell level. ### Competing Interest Statement The authors have declared no competing interest.

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